Disclosure: Auburn journalism faculty member and season ticket holder here. You can judge from this and other writing if I live up to my claim of promoting responsible journalism over fandom.
Coach Gus Malzahn’s decision to remove quarterback Nick Marshall from Auburn’s SEC Media Days roster for today met with much disappointment.
The decision came after Marshall was cited on Friday in Georgia for marijuana possession. (“Cited, not arrested” became something of a mantra.)
Those who criticized claimed that it would be more appropriate for Marshall to “face the music” from the media in attendance today and that his appearance would “clear the air.” Now, they say, the story will not go away.
This concept of the media as some kind of required ordeal for a college athlete to endure troubles me. No doubt it derives from the media’s traditional role as a watchdog.
A public official might need to “face the music” of a press conference after investigative reporting or government inquiry reveals misdeeds that demand response. A watchdog press is representing the citizenry in asking tough questions that need to be asked.
In other cases, however, the demand for someone to “face the music” also presumes a lot. Here, most of that presumption comes from the media members who demand it who are demanding a go at Marshall.
With this story, there is no dogged investigative reporting. The information might be entertaining to the audience, and First Amendment-protected. But for many (but not all, I stress) of those who will be in attendance, this is an easy story that dropped in their laps and will give them the opportunity to hound a young athlete. A textbook Media Days circus.
That circus dominates at a situation like this. The serious questions of a young man who allowed what could be a storybook season to devolve into preseason drama?
Too weighty for an unethical credentialed amateur wishing to make a name for himself/herself with a condescending question sure to get meme’d, GIF’ed, and Vined.
The preseason drama beast demands fresh meat, and if Auburn will not feed Marshall to the beast, it’s more convenient to blame the school than to turn and address that annoying beast.
Some have compared this to the Jameis Winston story (the sexual assault accusations, NOT the crab legs caper). The two don’t match up.
First, the Winston story has grown beyond FSU, though crucial questions still remain, to address a nationwide culture in which colleges mishandle sexual assault allegations, particularly where athletes are involved.
Second, Winston has not been charged in the incident, so any questions of his own involvement would be futile, given the competent legal advice he and anyone in a similar situation would receive. If the story had broken three days of head of ACC’s media days, a similar decision would have been wise.
(Though I would add here that I supported Heather Cox’s questioning of Winston on ESPN after the ACC championship game. Her questions were relevant, and he was handling them well until whisked away.)
Would an appearance by Marshall have defused the story? Will the story continue from here, as many claim? That question will be answered by the sports media members from here.
In the absence of new information, the story survives only if the media continue to serve it up under the pretense of new angles.
Nick Marshall will speak to these accusations, and he certainly should. But at a venue like Media Days (too much) a mere three days after (too soon), not a wise decision.
And if it deprives some in the media of an easy target for a quick take — that’s not a problem worth solving.
See if you can guess which ESPN personality made the following statement:
"[The] principles and the integrity associated with [print journalism] serve as the backbone for all that I’m about and hope to be professionally."
Anyone guess Stephen A. Smith? Granted, the quote is from way back in 2007, in a textbook, Strategic Sport Communication. Even so, my students are always amused to hear that.
Smith can still shows his reporting chops. He beat everyone (including his fellow ESPN-er Chris Broussard) on the Dwight Howard-to-Houston story. But that’s not what he is known for today
But Stephen A. is not that bad. Even he has to suffer through First Take with Skip Bayless. Smith gets more substantial offerings from the chunks that plunge through the ceiling in his Oberto Beef Jerky commercials than he gets from Bayless.
No doubt, Bayless (who also started in newspapers) and Smith have found a profitable shtick. Apparently ESPN has. But where does that leave sports journalism, particularly for the generation that will practice it in the next few decades?
We have been told that journalists must learn a variety of multimedia skills to survive. Do we also need to bring a variety of writing styles — news, opinion and everything in between, often in the same article? To what extent are we expected to sound like a smarter version of Bayless?
With social media, talk radio and traditional media, your favorite sportswriter has a lot thrown at him/her. It creates a professional minefield, where words written quickly under deadline pressure, then taken out of context, can easily come back to haunt.
When I joined Twitter and started blogging, I did so as an extension of my teaching and research, which centers on sports journalism, particularly its history.
My blogs address issues in sports journalism, often to criticize, it might seem, but more to instruct. I try not to drop random, pointless bombs, even when I’m harsh.
I could declare that on Twitter I do not troll, but given the response I got from some Auburn beat writers when I said that in class, I’ll amend it to, I do not intend to sound like an ESPN pundit, and I certainly don’t offer it as constant fare. Sometimes my wording fails me, and yes, rarely I will just drop something because I find it amusing.
What some might assume to be trolling is often a sincere criticism of something I’ve read. Often I’ll follow up by praising the writer the next time around, and folks will respond, “I thought you hated him/her.” My response to them is that I criticize content, not individuals.
Overall my guiding principle is, “Don’t be that guy,” and I commend the same philosophy to my students and anyone who asks. Even within the context of the previous grafs, I feel that I have upheld that principle. And I feel no motivation to move into Trollville, just to get more followers and clicks.
I want the same from my students and every other future sports journalist. I will always be a future sports journalism reader, and I want the content to be informative and analytical, without the rhetorical level of an Around the Horn fool-fest.
But those students coming up are getting mixed messages. And they are writing to audiences that include those who cache their columns and scan their LinkedIn profiles for shriek fodder.
In my 1970s student days, it was easier. You either wanted to be a sports cultural essayist like Paul Hemphill, a columnist like Furman Bisher, or a beat reporter like the ones you grew up reading. Now, students can aspire to be all three the same day.
And they do so serving a dangerously empowered audience. Readers/viewers have more choices. They know it, and the media outlets know it — particularly the local ones. Offend readers with basic shoe-leather journalism, and they will cry “hater” and find another site.
Fans always have somewhere else to turn, more than in the past. And it’s just another complexity that today’s sports journalists must face.
It would seem glib and useless to say that each sports journalist must simply set his or her moral compass and stay true to it, but even that is more difficult today. All of the choices were simpler back in the day, the moral options were clearer, and the profession — whether through ethics codes or our fellow professionals — helped keep us in line.
In that sense, Twitter has provided an unintended benefit. As Ty Duffy noted in his musings a couple of weeks ago, Twitter has brought journalists (perhaps more than other groups) together into a community that shares jokes, true, but also discusses issues. Sometimes it’s by direct message, sometimes readers join in for better or worse, but at least the open discussions are there.
Even so, the Venn Diagram has so many circles that I don’t envy the coming generation. They definitely have the technical skills to navigate the new media landscape. Will the way be as sure for them ethically as it was for my generation?
Probably not. But good writing will continue and readers will read. With that foundation, the craziness of everything else will have a harder time taking hold, as the long-term value of “that guy” and his drivel becomes clearer.
The origins of those national headlines about A.J. McCarron and Katherine Webb’s wedding being a reality show? My 2 p.m. Reporting class, I suspect.
First, some background.
This semester, Laurie Webb, Katherine’s sister, has been in the above class. To avoid sounding like Brent Musberger, I will limit my comments to saying she is competent, talented, and diligent. The equal of most of our PR and journalism students. (I mean, she and they all got past our Journalism 1100 class, right?)
The first time she talked with me after class was about a student friend of hers, a fellow yoga instructor, who had apparently committed suicide. We talked about knowing when a friend was struggling, what can be done to help — I had more than one such conversation that week. The student’s death was a jolt.
Side note: It was either during that, or a conversation soon after, that we were talking football, and Laurie said, “It’s crazy. My sister dates a guy from the University of Alabama, and … ” I basically replied, We know, Laurie; we know.
Right after spring break, I got an e-mail from Laurie in which she told me that she would be missing class that Friday, because A.J. had invited the family down to Gulf Shores. He would be asking Katherine to marry him, and he wanted both families.
I suppose I could have broken the story and tweeted the news, but I held off for a couple of reasons. One is that Laurie asked me to keep it a secret, because it was going to be a surprise. Second is that I use my Twitter for sports media discussion and updates on journalism (and other topics) at Auburn. A breathless note of rumored nuptials between A.J. and K-Webb — not me.
The Monday after the engagement news broke, I will confess a moment of weakness. I asked Laurie to talk a little about the engagement. After all, it was Reporting class, and she had witnessed a news event. While talking about it, she mentioned that the engagement had been filmed as part of a planned reality show.
That bit of info elicited a collective groan from the class, to be honest. But it also got the attention of the Auburn Plainsman staff members in the class.
After class, I thanked Laurie for being a good sport about it. She accepted my appreciation with typically casual grace, adding that it had definitely been a crazy year for the family. Understatement No. 2.
The next Tuesday, I had walked over to the Plainsman office to eat lunch, as I do from time to time. The staff members there told me they had interviewed Laurie and her family about the reality show.
They posted the story on their Web site the next day, and, of course, the fan was hit and 100 percent of a certain nether region broke loose.
The situation left me with a sinking feeling. Had I let a student down? Did my prodding cause her to let slip information that she would later regret? Even if she did so willingly, the reflection of a gracious attitude, I would not blame her before I blamed myself.
It’s one of the complicating factors of being a journalism professor — when the conversations with students trickle over into the pond of interesting news. Yes, I know news when I hear it. But as a professor, often I have to keep that news to myself.
Not just student news. I served as a faculty member on Auburn’s Committee on Intercollegiate Athletics (yes, CIA) for three years. During that time, I heard things that were interesting — though never earth-shattering and certainly never scandalous.
We got Auburn’s APR numbers and drug testing statistics a few weeks ahead of the general public. And we were briefed on ESPN the Magazine’s story highlighting Dakota Mosley’s allegations that Auburn did not respond adequately to his drug problem.
In all cases, I kept quiet about what I heard, as requested (though I did talk a lot about how impressed I was with Cassie Arner, who served as Auburn’s contact with Shaun Assael of ESPN).
In this situation, Laurie caught grief for her part in the story, as did The Plainsman, because the producers were not ready to release the news. So as I walked into Reporting the next day, I wondered if it would be awkward.
But it wasn’t. Laurie attended, and in talking about it afterward, she seemed quite relaxed, despite the drama. I agreed with her. To me, this wasn’t Survivor; we know the ending. No reason to keep everything a secret.
At the same time, I felt compelled to apologize to Laurie for putting her in the middle of the story. She shrugged it off, and seemed sincere. But the situation still bothers me.
Is my line drawn in the right place? Does it still give too much ground to the journalism side of me? Is it better to keep the line there and deal with the occasional doubts, instead of instinctively hiding what should be reported?
It’s yet another teaching moment — the kind that the news media provide on a daily basis — and I have talked to my students about it. Sometimes, however, the most important, and sometimes uncomfortable lessons, are for me.
I don’t hate oversigning because it seems to be a staple of SEC recruiting strategies — I mean, Tennessee … 34? Really?
I hate it because it is the worst example of how college football subverts and overwhelms the purpose of a university — for the goal of winning.
Every CFB coach faces this. Combine the limit of 25 scholarships per year and 85 overall with the frequent redshirting that extends possible player tenures to five years, and even the worst math student can see that the number will shoot past 85.
Even with all the sources of attrition — disabling injuries, academic casualties, discipline decisions, transfers in search of more playing time, early NFL exits and, oh yes, exhausted eligibility — coaches frequently end up with potentially more players than they have slots for. What to do?
Many coaches avoid the issue by recruiting to 85, even if it means not bringing in a full cohort of 25 per year, to stress their commitment to the players. Any scholarship attrition between National Signing Day and fall practice is used to reward walk-ons.
Others, like Saban, recruit to the full limit, throw in a couple of “grayshirts” whose scholarships are delayed, and then reduce the scholarship roster through a variety of tactics — including those listed above, regardless of whether they apply appropriately. Some years it’s not needed; other years it’s needed a lot. As one Bama fan pointed out, this is definitely one of those years for Saban.
To a sports media pack protecting a narrative, the result tidily fits the “relentless success machine.” As is too often the case, they ignore the process (Yes, I see what I did there) and the students it affects.
But this is not the NFL. Football has chosen to locate its developmental league on college campuses, and both the media and the colleges promote every possible dollar out of the arrangement. So pull away from the fruit-bearing trees and see the forest here: A college/university.
Once a college football or basketball program needs to chase away excess human capital by a variety of explicit and implicit means, it diminishes the educational institution that hosts its facilities.
Some use the analogy of how academic scholarships require that students maintain a certain grade-point average. But that is not an accurate analogy.
It would be more like our journalism faculty meeting every year to decide which junior and senior majors to ease out, so that we can accept a more promising crop of newcomers. (Don’t worry, students. We don’t.)
Of course, we allow all of our majors who maintain a graduation-level GPA to remain in the program, and we do our part to teach and develop them — and hope to God the light comes on, in some cases.
College football and basketball programs should do the same. They owe it not only to the athletes who lack a coach’s options after they sign a scholarship, but also to the universities that educate thousands of students besides those who compete.
Others point out that, particularly at Alabama, hardly any football players publicly protest after being eased out. But a system is not right because the student-athletes do not complain about it.
Colleges often do things that diminish their mission, and students don’t complain about it. The over-reliance on poorly paid and protected part-time instructors comes to mind. Just because students don’t notice or complain does not make the practice right.
As a former faculty athletics committee member, I do recognize that other sports function under different scholarship levels — they cannot provide full scholarships to an entire roster — so the management of scholarships is handled differently.
But let’s not allow the deluge-ional revenue available through football and basketball to cloud the mission of a university. I cheer these athletes from the stands, but I also teach them and others from the classroom. It happens.
I hope that Gus Malzahn does not oversign. If he does, I will speak out against the practice, regardless of how many championships or bazillions of simoleons he brings to the university.
But our mission as university faculty is to add to the base of knowledge through research and to pass this knowledge along to the next generations. Call me corny, but to me, that is the treasure of the university — the students who fill our campuses.
Let’s not reduce some to the means to an end, just because they profit a coach, a campus, its fans and the sports media.
John Carvalho is an associate professor of journalism at Auburn University. A former sports magazine editor, he summoned enough focus to complete a Ph.D. at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He tweets about sports media issues at johncarvalhoau. While he does not believe in oversigning, his students believe he over-grades.
Last week, Boston Globe columnist Dan Shaughnessy laid it down for Boston sports fans in a column titled, "Your Sports Columnist Is Here to Write, Not to Root." (Read it quick; Globe links have a shorter life than fruit flies.)
In the column, Shaughnessy makes the following statement about Boston sports teams: “I don’t care if they win. I don’t care if they lose. I love sports. … I love the story.”
It’s a good opportunity to talk about what Auburn fans should expect from their sports journalists, especially their columnists — and maybe to call Shaughnessy on his statement above, though just a little.
What Shaughnessy is stating might be an idealistic standard more than daily practice for columnists, of whom Shaughnessy is definitely one of the best. When times are bad, particularly, that statement is their North Star.
What prompted Shaughnessy’s column, clearly, is Globe readers’ anger that he has been so critical of the New England Patriots recently, during what has been a difficult season for them. So he issued his declaration of principles above.
But I would also argue that Shaughnessy and his colleagues do care if the home teams win or lose. And, I would add, that’s OK.
While it’s possible and commendable for a columnist to be objective, it is also undoubtedly true that even an objective columnist recognizes that a home team doing well is a good thing for the community, and he or she (too often he) can reflect that in columns.
State opinion on Auburn’s miraculous run has been positive, especially as it relates to the state’s BCS streak. You didn’t see post-Georgia columns with the headline “Disastrous 4th-Q Collapse” or post-Iron Bowl columns decrying, “Embarrassing 2nd Q!”
The same is true of Shaughnessy’s columns, especially during Boston’s pro sports teams’ recent run of good results. And Shaughnessy’s extensive bibliography of Boston sports books are not filled with angry venom, either.
When Boston won the World Series, he didn’t grouse about poor trades or roster moves. But you can also be sure that during the Bobby Valentine season of chaos, he was just as critical.
Side issue: I should warn you that reading Shaughnessy’s past columns could cost you all of 99 cents for four weeks. The Globe has its archives shut up tighter than a college football practice session. Even academic sources on Auburn’s library site do not offer the Globe. At a time when news outlets are struggling to generate revenue, I say good for them. But back to the topic.
In my Sports Reporting class, I give three standards for a good column — and to Spring 2014 class members: You are still required to show up for this lecture.
A column informs. The columnist introduces new information and reporting, along with intelligent analysis of info and stats. It should not be merely a rehash of fan comments or pushing of buttons.
A column engages. A good columnist develops a long-term relationship with his readers — not just by angering or reinforcing them, but by establishing an interactive, intelligent (on the columnist’s side) and sometimes emotional discussion. Shaughnessy is an expert at this.
A column upholds. Much like good political commentary should look out for the voters (not just one political party), good sports commentary looks out for the fans and for the purity of sport — to give them the best for their valuable attention and financial investment.
But Shaughnessy is correct that sometimes that means taking the fans on — to challenge them to consider information that is not 100 percent positive about the teams they cheer for.
When all three of the above standards are met, the readers develop a trust in the columnist to look out for them — even when the home team, by performance or by policy, does not.
I will leave it to readers to discuss whether columnists on the local, state, regional and national level do that. To see Shaughnessy’s philosophy in action, why not spend 99 cents and see how he does it? You’ll be helping out a media outlet whose work during the Boston Marathon bombings shows a continued commitment to bring together the best of journalism.
And you’ll get a good take on a columnist who knows when (and how) to write and when to root — even if just a little.
Thank goodness there was not as much bad there was good, in my opinion. I will present only two examples — because they are examples of not only bad journalism (in my opinion), but also bad trends.
Here is the obvious disclaimer of being an Auburn fan and faculty member. I am at least equally as passionate about professional journalism practices. But you can factor that into these comments and judge for yourself.
Kevin Scarbinsky’s column on Tre Mason — in which he called Mason’s confidence in Auburn’s running game “foolishness” — was a definite turkey, as well as a bad prediction on his part.
Mason responded to Scarbinsky’s click-inducing trolling with class (as Ryan Black noted in my column yesterday). But Scarbinsky compounded the misstep by appearing to take partial credit for Mason’s performance: He tweeted, “Who lit a fire under Tre Mason?”
Even in Scarbinsky’s follow-up column, he shrugged his shoulders, noting that he never used the specific words “trash talk.” No, but his point was clear.
He proudly noted his courage in introducing himself to Mason after the game. Scarbinsky does not pick up, however, that the friendly and gregarious Mason responded to his greeting with two words. If you know Mason at all, that is telling.
Besides the obvious missteps, Scarbinsky is also reflecting the attitude that seemed to have crept into the articles and tweets of many Alabama beat writers: a smug inevitability about Alabama’s success. Some writers buck the trend: Marc Torrence of the Crimson White is an exception that might surprise you. Aaron Suttles of the Tuscaloosa News is another.
I don’t want to go into too much detail. I don’t want the orange and blue to obscure the page, and it’s true that Alabama provided a lot of success to be smug about. But there seemed to be such a grasping for a dynasty narrative — both locally and nationally — that it seemed to creep into the tone of the articles.
Pete Thamel on Texas and Gus Malzahn — This was amateur hour on so many levels. It’s no wonder that it produced a mere blip on the radar, soon forgotten. First, let’s start with Thamel’s gem: the one piece of information that seemed to qualify as reporting.
“According to a source, Malzahn has told friends privately that coaching the Longhorns is his dream job.”
That’s it. Thamel fills the rest with his opinions. The article is titled “Viewpoint,” so it can be expected to reflect opinion. But as I tell my sports reporting students, a column is supposed to be a reporting exercise. The best columns give readers information, not just shallow analysis.
On that count, this article fails. Let’s look at how.
First, note that Malzahn did not say that to Thamel’s source directly. The source knows that Malzahn has told this to other people. Not firsthand. Not secondhand. Thirdhand.
Thamel stops at that one sentence. No further background or information from this source on why Malzahn feels that way. No poignant descriptions of seeing Texas play as a kid. Just one sentence to run with.
Second, Thamel does no other reporting on this. Just out of casual interest, my curiosity piqued, I did a Google search. Typed in “Gus Malzahn” and Texas.
Guess what I found out on Wikipedia? Malzahn was born in Irving, Texas. (If that induces irrational panic, seek help.) I’m not presenting that as any big revelation. By his high school years, he had moved to Arkansas, where he would go to school, work and live for at least the next 22 years.
My point is that Thamel could not even be troubled to look up or include that fact or anything else in his column. He took one thirdhand, anonymously sourced quote and made it into a column.
As I told my students walking into class, “You guys know what I do when you pull a stunt like that in one of your assignments.” Sometimes they will drop an interesting morsel into an article and then abandon it because, at this point in their journalism development, they get distracted or maybe a little lazy.
That fact is usually circled, with a comment in the margin: “You opened this door. Now you gotta walk through it and do the work. Don’t leave your reader hanging.”
But Thamel is supposed to be a seasoned, well-paid pro, not a college junior trying to juggle school, work, and a football team that produces Internet obsession-worthy content.
The writing and, yes, even the YouTubes have enhanced the memorable week that it is. A late addition from a TWER reader — a column in the Stanford Daily — was a Thursday treat for us.
In a week of memorable sports journalism that showed what can be when event and writing combine, Scarbinsky and Thamel sadly showed also how bad it can be.
When Chris Davis turned the corner and found open field, he not only ran his way into college football history. He also set off a media rave that extended nationwide.
For those of us who were at the Iron Bowl on either side, the result is only half the stun. Almost as amazing is the attention this has received — Diane Sawyer on ABC World News Tonight, Brian Williams on NBC Evening News, Hoda and Kathie Lee on NBC Today … Heck, even The View folks almost (almost) stopped talking at the same time in discussing it.
But much more important than that (my other bias showing) is what was written about the event. Most of it was pretty good, but hey, they were working from great material, right?
Here then is the best of the Iron Bowl articles and columns, but only in my opinion. And we are talking writing here. No YouTubes, as much as they bring allergy-blamed tears. I will present the worst of the post-Iron Bowl articles tomorrow.
Share your own links and suggestions below. Good writing extends and deepens the joy of the moment for Auburn fans, but hey — it’s what journalists do:
First, by way of shout-out, as a 57-year-old dinosaur, I would recognize the six-headed monster that is the Auburn beat writers — those who represent the traditional media and labor daily and well, 3-9 or 11-1.
They wrote a lot. Some of it was repetitive. I saw at least five different versions of “Five Things Auburn Must Do to Beat Alabama.” But most of it was darn good. Here is the best of each, in alphabetical order:
Ryan Black, Columbus Ledger-Enquirer: The youngest newest members of the crew. He wrote one of the few reports on Kevin Scarbinsky’s criticism of Tre Mason (more on that tomorrow) and Mason’s response. Not everyone confronted the issue, but Black did and also provided insights on social media and team policies.
Alex Byington, Opelika-Auburn News: The other new member, he took a unique and local semi-social media take on Corey Grant receiving congratulatory text messages from Alabama fans. A brief, but a well-conceived and creative one.
James Crepea, Montgomery Advertiser: Crepea churns out the unique story angles quickly and well. His public records-fueled reports on Auburn hiring security personnel to monitor curfew was textbook reporting. This week, he stayed on top of the Gus Malzahn contract renegotiations, way before any false rumors could be planted.
Joel Erickson, al.com: The only state sports journalist to choose Auburn to win, Erickson wrote one of the better game stories. That’s tough to do under normal deadline pressure, but imagine trying to wade through the Auburn student body to do it.
Brandon Marcello, al.com: Marcello and Erickson are a tough combo to stay ahead of, as evidenced by Marcello’s Monday article on cremated remains being discovered on the field. Marcello’s previous experience in Arkansas work generated an insightful look at Malzahn’s time there.
Mike Szvetitz, Opelika-Auburn News: For Szvetitz, the obvious choice is his Iron Bowl Sunday column. Same style as always. Short sentences. Great analysis. A feel for his topic. Oh, mercy. Good instructor too.
As you read over these folks’ stuff, consider subscribing to their parent newspapers or to their websites. This stuff doesn’t come cheap, and we need to do what we can to help keep these folks and their organizations in well-funded business.
I don’t subscribe to any of the fan sites (I’m too cheap), so I cannot make choices from there — which is also fortunate from length considerations. But I will note a few of the better nationwide articles. If you haven’t read them, I would suggest you check these out.
Perhaps the best national gamer that I read came from Pat Forde of Yahoo Sports. I know that Auburn fans have issues with him, but I read articles, not bylines, and his words have a flow that capture the emotion and satisfy those seeking a quality read.
After Rachel Bachman begged Auburn to end Alabama’s dominance, it’s only right that we should also mention her game report. Her musings on whether Auburn’s win would end the SEC’s BCS streak were on point, though depressing.
I’m a big fan of Richard Sandomir’s sports media reporting in the New York Times, and his article on Rod Bramblett’s calls of the two winning touchdowns silenced critics who thought Rod was too emotional. I will own up and say I used to be one of them, but Rich-Rod convinced me otherwise.
I’m including Spencer Hall’s piece in the SB Nation “Every Day Should be Saturday” website. I’ll be honest; I didn’t 100 percent track with it. But Hall was pushing for a different tone in describing the end of the game, and a lot of folks got it. I’ll give anyone credit for swinging for the fence.
As I said, you readers can extend the experience down below, with your recommendations.
It wasn’t all good, of course. But I’ll save the worst for tomorrow.
The day before the Georgia game, ironically, I delivered the GameDay lecture for the Auburn Office of Communications and Marketing. My topic was “This Is Loyalty,” and I presented some research on fan behavior, particularly in rivalries.
After the game, I related some of the content — particularly the concepts of BIRGing and CORFing — on Twitter. The retweets and replies showed interest, perhaps because they sound like gross things that would happen at post-game keg parties.
So after getting a grad student through a tight and chaotic thesis deadline (mission accomplished), I could turn my attention to some of the more fun aspects of academic research on fan loyalty.
We’ll blitz through the basics of social identity theory (finding groups that share our interests give our life balance, blah blah blah) and in-group/out-group conflicts (Robbers Cave experiment, yadda yadda yadda), to get to the more current stuff — disposition theory.
Giving credit where credit is due — and defying the cheap-click rivalry attitude of “professional” journalists — I would point out that two researchers from Alabama, Dolf Zillmann and Jennings Bryant, have done some of the best work on this. Type them into a Google Scholar search and party hearty.
But before they did the bulk of their research (including a 20-year trend study of the Iron Bowl rivalry), Robert Cialdini of Arizona State came up with the concepts of BIRGing and CORFing. BIRGing means “Basking In Reflected Glory” and CORFing means “Cutting Off Reflected Failure.”
First, the B word. This obviously refers to the way in which fans share a certain joy in their team’s victory, even though they might not have directly participated in it. I know, I know, the coach always says that the crowd helps, but we’re talking about throwing something down besides nachos.
It goes beyond wearing team apparel to the office on Monday (as Toronto Mayor Rob Ford demonstrates in the photo above) or talking about the game around the water cooler. The winning team’s fans also report an enhanced self-image and more confidence in making decisions. This is serious stuff! And when your rival team loses, it increases the BIRG.
CORFing is not the opposite, because fans deal with losses in a different but not opposite way. Rather than hide from it, they blame it on external factors: “The refs were not going to reverse their call even though Murray did not cross the goal line,” or “Robinson was holding on that last pass.” (Yes, the end of the Georgia game produced quite the CORF-fest on both sides at some point.)
That is because losses often do not diminish a fan’s loyalty to the team, but often strengthens their resolve. Yes, research does show that fans often show less immediate outward support. But we don’t abandon our in-groups quite that easily — even when the rival team wins and our team loses. They provide us too much social identity to be dumped that easily.
So after the trash talking and the blog commenting and the flag waving, I hope you BIRG to your heart’s content this weekend. Wear the sweatshirt on Monday. Talk about the game. Feel better about yourself and your decisions.
Unless you cheer for my rival.
Then, as one of the attendees at the aforementioned lecture said, “They can go CORF themselves.”
Nothing like statistically significant smack talk.
The Shelby County judge who issued an order banning a blogger from writing about a former governor’s son has accepted a friend of the court brief from the American Civil Liberties Union, according to the ACLU’s legal director for Alabama.
The ACLU submitted the brief Thursday on behalf of blogger Roger Shuler, who was jailed after violating the order by Judge Claud Neilson.
Neilson gave Riley and his attorneys a week to respond to the ACLU’s brief, said Randall Marshall of the ACLU. He cautioned that the judge gave no indication that he would rule further on his order at that time.
Marshall said the ACLU had submitted the brief to address two objections to the judge’s ruling: the order’s violation of Shuler’s First Amendment rights and the sealing of all records related to the case.
The ACLU has no interest in the underlying libel-related issues in the case, Marshall added. That includes whether the information reported by Shuler is true or false, and whether Riley is a public figure under libel law.
According to Marshall, the ruling to seal the records is just as much of a First Amendment issue as Neilson’s order barring Shuler from writing about Bob Riley Jr., son of the former Alabama governor.
"The sealed records violate the public’s right to access," he said. Sealing all records prevents news organizations from reporting on the case.
As Marshall told Kyle Whitmire of al.com, “There is a secret docket. That is not common in American courts.” While judges might seal records in cases related to children, this almost never happens in a case like the one involving Shuler, he said.
For background on what caused Riley’s attorneys to seek such an injunction from Neilson against Shuler, check out this link to an earlier article on al.com.
The news media of Alabama — particularly the Alabama Media Group/al.com — shamed itself by not defending the First Amendment against its assault by a Shelby County judge.
Granted, the case is as bizarre as the behavior of the blogger involved. But First Amendment cases are a matter of principle, regardless of the individual whose rights are attacked. It is not up to the courts — nor the news media — to determine who deserves First Amendment protection. Freedom of the press is a right of the people, not the news media.
When acting Shelby County Circuit Judge Claud Neilson issued an injunction preventing Legal Schnauzer blogger Roger Shuler from writing about an alleged affair between a former governor’s son and a Republican lobbyist, that was unconstitutional and the state’s news media should have responded quickly.
The injunction was issued before Oct. 3, when Shuler said he was served with the order, and he was arrested on Wednesday, Oct. 23, for violating it. The Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press wrote about it on Friday, Oct. 25.
But where were the “leading” news sites of Alabama when all this was going on? Absent and silent. The RCFP (a respected media rights watchdog group) reported it, and other bloggers expressed outrage, but a Google News search for four days after the RCFP report turned up nothing else.
Finally, on Tuesday, Oct. 29, the Alabama Media Group posted a story about the case. It was well reported and included the constitutional controversy, but that was as far as it went. No editorial opposition or further comment. AMG, which includes three of the biggest and most distinguished newspapers in the state — the Birmingham News, Mobile Press-Register and Huntsville Times — has allowed this story to die along with Shuler’s First Amendment rights.
(Note: Daily visits to the al.com search page for “Shuler” produced nothing until the Oct. 29 article. A more recent search referred to an article under “Clay, AL community news” on Oct. 28, and one under “Pelham local impact” on Oct. 25. However, both articles share the heading used by the Oct. 29 article, and a link to those pages does not show an article on the day in question, so I am taking that for a glitch.)
Other state newspapers do not fare well, either. Neither the Montgomery Advertiser nor the Tuscaloosa News have reported or commented on this. Even the Shelby County Reporter, a lively community newspaper that covers Neilson’s court, did not post an article until Oct. 29.
This silence by the state’s newspapers is deplorable and sets a poor example for the next generation of journalists. The political motivations of Judge Neilson’s actions — granting an unconstitutional prior restraint to Bob Riley Jr., the former governor’s son — are apparent.
In a state like Alabama, where political dirty tricks and insider networks poison state politics, it’s even more scary. When shady state political leaders see something like this happening, with no legal or media response, you wonder if they consider this another trick to add to the bag in dealing with critics and opponents.
People argue that Shuler’s actions in flaunting a judge’s order deserve arrest and imprisonment, but that misses the point. The restraining order that created this circus should not have been issued, period.
The traditional recourse for someone like Riley Jr. is to sue Shuler for libel. If Shuler is the journalistic disaster he claims, Riley can sue him and add financial bankruptcy to the ethical bankruptcy he alleges concerning Shuler.
That is the correct remedy, not issuing restraining orders before things are written. Such judicial overreach creates a “chilling effect” on public debate that certainly is convenient for state politicians, but defies decades of Supreme Court precedent. You blew it, Judge Neilson.
And until the state’s newspapers step forward and do their part to defend the First Amendment that protects their right to publish, they are just as complicit by their silence.
In an Internet age, where the speed of news transmission and the breadth of news contributors have both exploded, all journalists must hold on to such enduring foundational treasures against all threats. It is our duty.